Java 生成有序 UUID

timo-nbktp 8月前 ⋅ 770 阅读

UUID.randomUUID() 生成的 UUID 是无序的,如果作为数据主键,不利于索引

Hibernate 的 UUIDHexGenerator.generate() 方法可以生成有序的 UUID, 本文参考其实现:

public class SequentialUuidHexGenerator extends AbstractUUIDGenerator{
 
    private static final String sep = "-";
 
    public static String generate() {
        return
                format( getJVM() ) + sep
                + format( getHiTime() ) + sep
                + format( getLoTime() ) + sep
                + format( getIP() ) + sep
                + format( getCount() );
    }
 
    protected static String format(int intValue) {
        String formatted = Integer.toHexString( intValue );
        StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder( "00000000" );
        buf.replace( 8 - formatted.length(), 8, formatted );
        return buf.toString();
    }
 
    protected  static String format(short shortValue) {
        String formatted = Integer.toHexString( shortValue );
        StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder( "0000" );
        buf.replace( 4 - formatted.length(), 4, formatted );
        return buf.toString();
    }
}

UUIDHexGenerator.generate() 将 IP 放在首位,考虑到在不同的机器生成,本文将时间戳放在了首位

AbstractUUIDGenerator 代码:

public abstract class AbstractUUIDGenerator {
 
    private static final int IP;
    static {
        int ipadd;
        try {
            ipadd = BytesHelper.toInt( InetAddress.getLocalHost().getAddress() );
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            ipadd = 0;
        }
        IP = ipadd;
    }
 
    private static short counter = (short) 0;
    private static final int JVM = (int) ( System.currentTimeMillis() >>> 8 );
 
    public  AbstractUUIDGenerator() {
    }
 
    protected static int getJVM() {
        return JVM;
    }
 
    protected static short getCount() {
        synchronized(AbstractUUIDGenerator.class) {
            if ( counter < 0 ) {
                counter=0;
            }
            return counter++;
        }
    }
 
    protected static int getIP() {
        return IP;
    }
 
    protected static short getHiTime() {
        return (short) ( System.currentTimeMillis() >>> 32 );
    }
 
    protected static int getLoTime() {
        return (int) System.currentTimeMillis();
    }
}

BytesHelper 代码:

public final class BytesHelper {
 
    private BytesHelper() {
    }
 
    public static int toInt(byte[] bytes) {
        int result = 0;
        for ( int i = 0; i < 4; i++ ) {
            result = ( result << 8 ) - Byte.MIN_VALUE + (int) bytes[i];
        }
        return result;
    }
}

 

完整代码:

https://github.com/VictorBu/code-snippet/tree/master/java/sequential-uuid

 

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